The Team Modeling project area examines tools and methods to model processes, attitudes, and cognitive functions within teams during instruction including:
- team taskwork - is a subset of team modeling which is focused on developing proficiency in task domains required for a specific duty of one’s job (Salas 2015); taskwork is a domain-dependent learning activity
- teamwork - is the "coordination, cooperation, and communication among individuals to achieve a shared goal" (Salas 2015, p.5); teamwork behaviors are largely domain-independent; teamwork includes the social skills needed to function as a team; teamwork activities may include teambuilding whose goal is to strengthen the coordination, cooperation, communication, coaching, conflict management, cohesion, and collective efficacy of the group (Salas 2015); teamwork is a necessary
prerequisite to satisfactory taskwork performance (Van Berio 1997).
- collaborative learning - (also referred to as cooperative learning) is "a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together" (Dillenbourg 1999, p. 1); cooperative learning reinforces active participation (Van Berio 1997); collaborative learning generally focuses on a learning goal, is primarily domain-dependent and includes computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) activities.
Dillenbourg, P., & Hong, F. (2008). The mechanics of CSCL macro scripts. The International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 3(1), 5–23.
Salas, E. (2015). Team training essentials: A research-based guide. London: Routledge.
Van Berio, M. P. (1997). Team training vs. team building and cooperative learning: Defining the field of research (team training vs team building en cooperatief leren: Afbakening van het onderzoeksterrein) (No. TNO-TM-97-B019). HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH INST TNO SOESTERBERG (NETHERLANDS).
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