Team Modeling


The Team Modeling project area examines tools and methods to model processes, attitudes, and cognitive functions within teams during instruction including:

  • team taskwork - is a subset of team modeling which is focused on developing proficiency in task domains required for a specific duty of one’s job (Salas 2015); taskwork is a domain-dependent learning activity
  • teamwork - is the "coordination, cooperation, and communication among individuals to achieve a shared goal" (Salas 2015, p.5); teamwork behaviors are largely domain-independent; teamwork includes the social skills needed to function as a team; teamwork activities may include teambuilding whose goal is to strengthen the coordination, cooperation, communication, coaching, conflict management, cohesion, and collective efficacy of the group (Salas 2015); teamwork is a necessary
    prerequisite to satisfactory taskwork performance (Van Berio 1997).
  • collaborative learning - (also referred to as cooperative learning) is "a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together" (Dillenbourg 1999, p. 1); cooperative learning reinforces active participation (Van Berio 1997); collaborative learning generally focuses on a learning goal, is primarily domain-dependent and includes computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) activities.


Dillenbourg, P., & Hong, F. (2008). The mechanics of CSCL macro scripts. The International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 3(1), 5–23.

Salas, E. (2015). Team training essentials: A research-based guide. London: Routledge.

Van Berio, M. P. (1997). Team training vs. team building and cooperative learning: Defining the field of research (team training vs team building en cooperatief leren: Afbakening van het onderzoeksterrein) (No. TNO-TM-97-B019). HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH INST TNO SOESTERBERG (NETHERLANDS).


List of related Documents (ability to select items from documents page and have those titles or thumbnails appear on this page ala ResearchGate) as related documents to this topic